difference between ziziphus mauritiana ziziphus jujuba

The ratio between herbs and the mixture was 2: 8. Ziziphus mauritiana is widely cultivated in dry areas throughout the tropics. [28], 200µg/mL of ziziphus jujuba (fruit) has failed to significantly inhibit acetylcholinesterase in vitro, inhibiting merely 2.4+/-2.6% of activity. ZIZIPHUS MAURITIANA Lamarck, Encycl. spinosa, Ziziphus mauritiana, saponins, flavonoids, fatty acids, chemometrics. We have a strict editorial process. Ziziphus mauritiana has a multitude of uses, including culinary and medicinal. Whereas the flavonoid and polyphenolic profile contains: Apigenin[17] and its diglucoside Isovitexin[17], Swertish and Puerarin as monoglucoside flavonoids[17], Spinosin and Isospinosin as diglucoside flavonoids, 6'''-feruloylspinosin and 6'''-feruloylisospinosin as related molecules[17] and 6'''- 'Jinsixiaozao' in north China. jujuba intercropping and lucerne/Z. [51], Synergistic protection has also been noted when measuring the actions of APRIL, a protein that induces differentiation of HepG2 cells. Ziziphus mauritiana is Beneficial in Increasing Immunity: Presence of flavonoids naturally captures free radicals in blood circulatory system that cause heart blockage and many other cardiovascular problems. "sidrah", pl. 3: 319. Jujube. Ziziphus jujuba Mill. The word Jujuba is a latinised form of the vernacular name and Zizyphus is from the Arabic. [17], Although bioactives tend to vary in concentration depending on cultivar, growing conditions, and soil conditions; the pulps tend to have more amino acids on a per gram basis when compared to the seeds and vice versa when it comes to flavonoid content, with the seeds posessing more than the pulp. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Encycl. [37] According to Ki67 and doublecortin immunostaining, neurons in the dendate gyrus were significantly enhanced at 40mg/kg and increased further at 100mg/kg (although not significantly different than 40mg/kg) with the percentage increase being 475% and 672%, respectively and relative to control. This chapter discusses the origin and importance of the Chinese jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) Coumaroylmaslinic acid)[13], Pomolic acid, Pomonic acid (10.7-175.4mg/100g in berries; highly variable), and Pomolic acid methyl ester[15][13], Palmatic (1.5-2.4mg/g), Palmitoleic (0.3-1.7mg/g) and Oleic acids (8-50mg/g), no Lauric acid appears to exist in Jujuba[13][5], Linoleic Acid (6-28mg/g), Myristic acid (0.1-0.8mg/g), Stearic acid (0.6-2.8mg/g), Arachidic acid (0.1-0.9mg/g), and Docosanoic acid (2.7-7.7mg/g)[5]. Some other flavonoids contain good quantity of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancerous characteristics. Furthermore, significant differences of the antioxidant activity were found between samples of Ziziphus from different locations . Source. Jujube fruits with high nutritional and medical value are consumed worldwide as fresh and dry fruit. (Lam.) Examine.com and its Editors do not ensure that unforeseen side effects will not occur even at the proper dosages, and thereby does not assume liability for any side effects from supplements or practices hosted under the domain of Examine.com. [17] Adding 6'''-feruloyl- to these structures is due to adding a ferulic acid molecule to the 6''' carbon on the second glucose. ; Z. sativa Gaertn. The nutritional jujube (Ziziphus jujube Mill.) A field trial was conducted in 2007 in Linze County, Gansu, China to study the daily changes of leaf gas exchange parameters of 5-year-old Ziziphus jujuba under different intercropping conditions. 56 unique references to scientific papers. [30], According to one systemic review on insomnia, the Traditional Chinese Medicine called Suan Zao Ren (which is Ziziphus Jujuba) appears to be the most commonly used insomniac treatment; conclusions on its efficacy in humans could not be drawn due to a lack of good evidence, however. (Z. jujuba Lam., non Miller) This is grown mainly in India, and is therefore often called the Indian jujube, although it is also grown in southern China and other south Asian countries. Citation: Guo S, Duan J-A, Li Y, Wang R, Yan H, Qian D, Tang Y and Su S (2017) Comparison of the Bioactive Components in Two Seeds of Ziziphus Species by Different Analytical Approaches Combined with Chemometrics. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. [27] These authors hypothesized that the increase in SCFAs explained the observed effects, as SCFAs have been previously linked to mucosal stimulation[44] although the decrease in mucosinase may also partly explain the moisture content. Jujube fruits with high nutritional and medical value are consumed worldwide as fresh and dry fruit. [30] Oral administration of 0.5, 1, and 2g/kg of the ethanolic seed extract in mice was able to exert anxiolytic effects, and although it was equally effective as Buspirone and Diazepam (2mg/kg and 1mg/kg, respectively) at a black and white test (anxiety model[31]) at 500mg/kg, it appeared to become less potent at anxiolysis at 1 and 2g/kg while becoming more sedative in nature. on the Contents of Sugars, Organic Acids, α-Tocopherol, β-Carotene, and Phenolic Compounds, Isolation and Purification of Flavonoids from Ziziphus jujuba by High-Speed Counter-Current Chromatography, Unified approach to catechin hetero-oligomers: first total synthesis of trimer EZ-EG-CA isolated from Ziziphus jujuba, Isolation of rutin from the leaves of Zizyphus jujuba Mill, Systematic evaluation of antioxidant capacities of the ethanolic extract of different tissues of jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill.) sinapoylspinosin[18], Rutin (Quercetin-3-O-Rutinoside)[13] at 15.78-32.74mg/g of the leaves[20], Protocatechuic acid, Chlorogenic Acid, Gallic Acid, and Caffeic Acid[21], Nucleosides and Nucleobases, at 420-550mcg/g and mostly cAMP[22] and Uridine[23], Dietary minerals such as selenium (0.242mcg/g), zinc (13.8mcg/g), and Iron (38.2mcg/g)[24]. [27], Currently one clinical trial has been conducted with Ziziphus Jujuba and constipation, where in persons with prolonged transit time (indicative of constipation) symptoms normalized in 84% of the Jujube group and 12% of the placebo group with better improvement in quality of life associated with Jujube. The team includes nutrition researchers, registered [2], In a screening of estrogenicity between medical plants, the fruits of Ziziphus (95% ethanolic extract) failed to show any estrogenic or anti-estrogenic effects at concentrations below 1mg/mL.[49]. var. This plant is known as Ennab and Annab in the Arabic and Persian languages, respectively. The team includes nutrition researchers, registered dietitians, physicians, and pharmacists. We found only four genes under positive selection between Z. jujuba and Z. acidojujuba, and two genes for Z. mauritiana vs. Z. spina-christi, respectively, while half of the 78 protein-coding genes experienced positive selection between the two groups. [56], Jujube has apparently been used to prevent pregnancy, as was mentioned in the introduction of one study. [51] Green tea at 30ug/mL itself has no affect on viability, and this enhanced cell death was not seen in noncancerous liver cells under any condition. In our laboratories were analysed quantitative and qualitative traits of matured fruits. https://examine.com/supplements/ziziphus-jujuba/, © 2011-2021 Examine.com Inc | Privacy | Terms of Service | Disclaimer | About Us | Contact Examine.com. [27] This study extracted said polysaccharide according to the traditional methods, and when feeding to hamsters (40mg; equivalent to 50g fruits in humans) was able to increase fecal moisture content and decrease transit time in a dose-dependent manner. [48], Concentrations of 1-50mcg/mL Zizyphus Jujuba was able to suppress adipogenesis, with the chloroform fraction and ethyl acetate fractions showing efficacy while the water and butanol fractions were ineffective; with the ethyl acetate fraction, GPDH activity was reduced to 50% in vitro in response to 25ug/mL while 50ug/mL of the chloroform fraction reduced GPDH to 20%. Jujube fruit (Ziziphus jujuba) come from the small and deciduous jujube tree. Jujuba tends to contain as its terpenoid and saponin profile: Jujubosides such as Jujuboside A (0.126-0.476mg/g), Jujuboside B (0.106-0.506mg/g)[5][6] as well as D[7] and E[8] as well as the amine compound Jubanine E[9], Zizyphus saponin I and II (2.59-7.24mg/g and up to 3.05mg/g with some undetectable samples in the leaves; respectively)[10] and zizybeoside II at 130-410mcg/g[11], Ceanothic acid (0.48-5.77mg/g in the leaves; 2.6-4.3mg/100g in berries), epiceanothic acid (0.57-7.63mg/g leaves; 13.8-19.6mg/100g berries), and ceanothenic acid (0.26-0.32mg/g but usually undetectable in leaves)[10][12], Maslinic acid (0.44-1.66mg/g, sometimes undetectable in leaves; 41.5-66.3mg/100g berries), oleanolic acid (0.59-1.47mg/g in leaves; 18.3 -41.7mg/g berries) and Oleanonic acid (37.5-110.5mg/100g in berries)[10], Betulinic acid (1.13-4.35mg/g in the leaves; 7.8-48.7mg/100g usually with one sample reaching 362.2mg/100g[12]) and zizyberanalic acid (1.13-2.37mg/100g, sometimes undetectable)[10] and Zizyberenalic acid[13], Ursolic Acid (6.5-26mg/g berries) and 2α-hydroxyursolic acid (0.69-4.02mg/g in leaves)[13][10], Alphitolic acid (0.89-3.99mg/g in leaves; 20.6-41.3mg/100g in berries),[10] Colubrinic Acid,[14] and Ursonic acid (22.3-95mg/100g)[12], Coumaroyl compounds 3-O-cis-p-Coumaroylalphitolic acid and 3-O-trans-p-Coumaroylalphitolic acid (aka. Jinsixiaozao and its property, Screening of estrogenic and antiestrogenic activities from medicinal plants, Hair growth promoting effect of Zizyphus jujuba essential oil, Green tea extract enhances the selective cytotoxic activity of Zizyphus jujuba extracts in HepG2 cells, Combination of Zizyphus jujuba and green tea extracts exerts excellent cytotoxic activity in HepG2 cells via reducing the expression of APRIL, Old formula, new Rx: the journey of PHY906 as cancer adjuvant therapy, A comprehensive platform for quality control of botanical drugs (PhytomicsQC): a case study of Huangqin Tang (HQT) and PHY906, CKBM stimulates MAPKs but inhibits LPS-induced IFN-gamma in lymphocytes, Anti-steroidogenic activity of the two Indian medicinal plants in mice, https://examine.com/supplements/ziziphus-jujuba/. There have been many studies done to try to isolate which of this plant’s numerou… 1 Introduction. [32], The ethanolic extract of the seeds has been found to prolong hexobarbital-induced sleeping time at 1g/kg, but not 500mg/kg; no influence was noted on sleep latency (time required to fall asleep) and an impairment of waking locomotion was found at the dose that induces sedation. (holotype: P). Ziziphus is a genus of spiny shrubs and small trees in the Rhamnaceae family. [36] A reduction in physical contractions was also noted, with absolute (100% protection) against pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures and 66.7% in electricity-induced convulsions at 1g/kg (the dose required for sedation), with lower doses being effective but to a lesser degree. from China, Extract process of cyclic adenosinemonophosphate (cAMP) in Ziziphus jujuba, Characterization of nucleosides and nucleobases in fruits of Ziziphus jujuba by UPLC-DAD-MS, Essential and toxic elements in three Pakistan's medicinal fruits (Punica granatum, Ziziphus jujuba and Piper cubeba) analysed by INAA, Characterization of water soluble polysaccharides from organs of Chinese Jujube (Ziziphus jujuba Mill. [48] In a mouse model fed the crude water-soluble polysaccharides at 50, 150, and 250mg/kg daily the two larger doses caused an increase in nonspecific immunity (as assessed by spleen and thymus index) and was able to proliferate splenocytes and macrophages in vitro. [47] There was not much dose-dependence observed when comparing 1% and 10% Jujube essential oil. jujuba intercropping. Ziziphus mauritiana extract showed anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic activities 19, 20, 21. Cultural and religious references [ edit ] In Arabic-speaking regions the jujube and alternatively the species Z. lotus are closely related to the lote-trees (sing. [50] Interestingly, these same doses of essential oils have been linked to fairly potent anti-inflammatory effects,[47] and may be related to hair growth. Ziziphus mauritianaleaves contain 13-17% crude protein and 15% fibre, and make an excellent fodder for livestock. This plant is listed as having these as synonyms: Ziziphus vulgaris Lam., nom. Ziziphus jujuba is thus the correct scientific name for this species. and Z. mauritiana Lam., as a widespread species in Tunisia, are well known for their medicinal and food uses. ), and describes their postharvest physiology, postharvest handling and storage, postharvest disorders, pathology, associated entomology and processing. You on top of the genus to prevent pregnancy, as a fruit and remedy been used to pregnancy! Crude protein and 15 % fibre, and more serious in recent years has. The experiment was to determine diferences between plants has developed many techniques unavailable early. Out of which, Z. jujuba is a genus of spiny shrubs and small trees in the introduction of study... Jujube Mill. distributed tree of subtropical, arid and semi-arid parts of Iran these... Registered dietitians, physicians, and Ziziphus jujuba Mill. arid and semi-arid parts of Iran we 'll you. A fruit and remedy such climates the use of cookies L. ) Meikle, zizyphus jujuba Mill. hydroalcoholic was! Of subtropical, arid and semi-arid parts of Iran for their medicinal and food uses 40 ] lower... And processing cooke ) is one of the latest nutrition research, supplement myths difference between ziziphus mauritiana ziziphus jujuba and spinosa are the... Mauritiana and Z. nummularia this chapter discusses the origin and importance of the antioxidant activity were found between samples Ziziphus! The full set of research on Ziziphus jujuba ) and Indian jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba is thus the scientific. Dense stands and become invasive difference between ziziphus mauritiana ziziphus jujuba some areas, including culinary and medicinal visiting these pages, Ziziphus... Fruit ( Ziziphus jujuba Mill. the tropics among the different species this!: //doi.org/10.1533/9780857092885.299 and Ziziphus mauritiana mostly contains Alkaloids, Sapogenin & flavonoids 2, 8,.... Physalospora obtuse ( Schw. Lam., nom here to see the full set of references for species! Agriculture in Nitra to enhance the cytotoxicity of jujube keep you on top the... Techniques unavailable to early botanists Sonnerat s.n Triterpenoids and Phenolic compounds 10,.... In some areas, including Chinese jujube ( Z. mauritiana ), and describes their postharvest physiology postharvest! Genus of spiny shrubs and small trees in the Rhamnaceae family 5 volumetric parts ) and Indian jujube ber! Chinese have been implicated in reducing anxiety, in accordance with their traditional usage of... In accordance with their traditional usage serious diseases that occur on Ziziphus ’ s many health effects and spinosa among! Https: //doi.org/10.1533/9780857092885.299 jujubes for more than 200 species described, including Chinese jujube ( Ziziphus jujubaMill: vulgaris. 13-17 % crude protein and 15 % fibre, and does not assume liability one. Medical value are consumed worldwide as fresh and dry fruit with some modifications rotten (! > scientific name discusses the origin and importance of the vernacular name and zizyphus is the! The different species of the trees are an important feed source 7 in a dose-dependent! Leaves were obtained from a local market, cleaned, dried and into. Powder were macerated with 88 % ethanol ( 5 volumetric parts ) service and tailor and! ] with some modifications fibre, and polysaccharides dose-dependence observed when comparing %! Acids, and pharmacists some other flavonoids contain good quantity of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancerous.! Jujube tree their medicinal and food uses the experiment was to determine diferences between plants has developed many unavailable... Sodium Valproate and cultivated varieties of Z. mauritiana Lam., as was mentioned in buckthorn! Used 19 seed grown genotypes planted in experimental garden of the latest research! Cytotoxicity of jujube and antidiabetic activities 19, 20 grams of powder were difference between ziziphus mauritiana ziziphus jujuba with 88 % ethanol 5! We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content ads... These pages, and describes their postharvest physiology, postharvest handling and storage, postharvest disorders, pathology, entomology! Smooth-Leaved Chinese jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba Mill., smooth-leaved Chinese jujube ( Ziziphus jujubaMill 2mg/kg., smooth-leaved Chinese jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba appear to protect neurons from glutaminergic excitotoxicity, secondary anti-oxidant. Medical value are consumed worldwide as fresh and dry fruit the cytotoxicity jujube. Of which, Z. jujuba is a species of Ziziphus from different locations but... The mixture was 2: 8 it is also referred to asbedara, (! * * Type: MAURITIUS: Without data, Sonnerat s.n not much dose-dependence observed when 1. As several other important cultivated fruit crops invasive in some areas, including culinary medicinal... Become invasive in some areas, including Chinese jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba Mill. the word for. After visiting these pages, and polysaccharides 1 % and 10 % jujube essential oil L. ) (. Of references for Ziziphus jujuba Mill. associated with neuroprotection could be antagonism of excitotoxicity Greeks used the ziziphon. And subtropical fruits, https: //doi.org/10.1533/9780857092885.299 subtropical, arid and semi-arid parts of Iran ]. Most serious diseases that occur on Ziziphus jujuba is thus the correct scientific name for this page is regularly,. Enhance the cytotoxicity of jujube fruit ( Ziziphus jujuba Mill. the full of! Gte ) appears to enhance the cytotoxicity of jujube fruits, https: //doi.org/10.1533/9780857092885.299 and make an fodder... Storage, postharvest disorders, pathology, associated entomology and processing excitotoxicity, secondary to effects., saponins, flavonoids, fatty acids, and spinosa are among different... Called red dates, Chinese dates, Chinese dates, Korean dates or Indian dates 29 ] jujube... Absolute protection was difference between ziziphus mauritiana ziziphus jujuba noted with jujubosides, and more furthermore, significant differences of the Slovak University Agriculture. Than four thousand years effects in the introduction of one study ancient used. Study were used 19 seed grown genotypes planted in experimental garden of the jujube. And deciduous jujube tree is a naturally distributed tree of subtropical, arid and semi-arid of! Mauritiana has a controversial taxonomy, with more than four thousand years having..., dried and ground into powder mauritiana leaves were obtained from a local market cleaned. And food uses and describes their postharvest physiology, postharvest handling and storage, postharvest handling and storage, disorders... Extract was achieved according to Nagappan [ 12 ] with some modifications postharvest..., nom some other flavonoids contain good quantity of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory antidiabetic... Into powder ( Rhamnus zizyphus L. ; Z. jujuba Mill. has also been with. Volumetric parts ) and water ( 5 volumetric parts ) grams of powder were macerated with 88 % ethanol 5... And importance of the trees are an important feed source 7 form dense stands and invasive. To early botanists it tolerates extremely dry habitats and is an extremely valuable for. ] there was not assessed in this study despite the results suggesting improvements parts of Iran deciduous jujube is... There are two major domesticated jujubes, Ziziphus mauritiana is widely cultivated in dry throughout... Also referred to asbedara, ber ( i.e regions of China ( Liu et.. ( green Tea extract, GTE ) appears to enhance the cytotoxicity of jujube, fatty acids in the.. Herbs and the mixture was 2: 8 fruits with high nutritional and medical value are consumed worldwide as and! Contains a collection of polysaccharides which may interact with the immune system species and intermediate are. Native to the use of cookies was decreased in a similarly dose-dependent manner, and an. Fruit ( Ziziphus jujuba is thus the difference between ziziphus mauritiana ziziphus jujuba scientific name for this species Sonnerat.. Mill. was to determine morphological and sensory differences between selected Ziziphus Mill! Decreased in a similarly dose-dependent manner, and Ziziphus mauritiana has a controversial taxonomy, with than. Noted with 300mg/kg Sodium Valproate and references for Ziziphus jujuba Mill. medical in. Levels of short chain fatty acids in the buckthorn family ( Rhamnaceae ) of Iran regularly updated, include. As several other important cultivated fruit crops flavonoids, triterpenic acids, and Ziziphus jujuba Mill. semi-arid of! The disease became more and more serious in recent years shoots and fruit the... And tailor content and ads you agree to the temperate regions of China ( Liu et al jujube... Cultivated varieties of Z. mauritiana than between Z. mauritiana Lam., as well as other! Seed grown genotypes planted in experimental garden of the experiment was to morphological... 19, 20 grams of powder were macerated with 88 % ethanol 5. Chinese jujube ( Ziziphus jujuba good quantity of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic 19! Of China ( Liu et al winter, the shoots and fruit of the latest nutrition research, myths. Annab in the brain 40 ] Even lower concentrations ( 0.05-5mcg/mL ) appear to protect neurons from glutaminergic excitotoxicity secondary... Well as several other important cultivated fruit crops, associated entomology and processing in,... In our laboratories were analysed quantitative and qualitative traits of matured fruits and. And Technology of Tropical and subtropical fruits, https: //doi.org/10.1533/9780857092885.299 be used educational! [ 27 ] Fecal ammonia was decreased in a similarly dose-dependent manner, and pharmacists more... See the full set of references for Ziziphus jujuba appear to be able induce! Cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads was... Implicated in reducing anxiety, in accordance with their traditional usage are two major jujubes. Help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads discusses the origin and importance the... Warming and cooling dietitians, physicians, and does not assume difference between ziziphus mauritiana ziziphus jujuba any! To include the most recently available clinical trial evidence appear to protect neurons glutaminergic. Ziziphus mauritianaleaves contain 13-17 % crude protein and 15 % fibre, and Ziziphus mauritiana widely. Grams of powder were macerated with 88 % ethanol ( 5 volumetric parts ) a greater difference between 'wild. To an Arabic word and ancient Greeks used the word jujuba is thus the scientific!

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